Survival 101: “Making Fire!”

Survival 101: “Making Fire!”

FREE printable instructions for starting a fire: “Flint and Steel Fire-making 101.”

In order to survive, a person needs three things:


Alright, that’s what I need to survive!

Seriously, the three things are:
(Not necessarily in that order!)

Did you notice that FIRE is not one of the three?

In order to be MORE COMFORTABLE during a survival situation, and to increase the odds of survival, fire is a pretty good idea!

There are thousands of methods.

Today, we’ll focus on one–Flint and Steel firemaking.

Flint and Steel Kit
Charlie’s flint and steel firemaking kit: striker, stone, charcloth, bird’s nest, tin.

The steel striker needs to have a sufficient amount of carbon in it in order to create a spark–the stone isn’t sparking, it is the carbon contained within the steel that sparks! (This striker is made from an old broken garage door coil spring.)

The stone needs to be hard enough to create a steel shaving–stone such as “agate, carnelian, jade, bloodstone, chalcedony, quartz, and chert all work well.”

The char cloth needs to be properly prepared. “Charcloth is a material, usually 100 percent cotton, that has been “cooked” like charcoal at high temperatures until it becomes black and flexible.”

The ‘bird’s nest’ (tinder bundle) can consist of a variety of flammable material.  I use old jute rope, some dog fur, and dried plant fibers (dogbane or milkweed).  These natural materials can be fashioned into a crude bird’s nest shape.

Place the charcloth on the stone.  Vigorously thrust the striker in a downward motion against a sharp edge of the stone.  When done correctly, this will produce a shower of sparks.  One, or several, sparks will land on the charcloth.  If properly prepared, the charcloth will begin to burn–there will be no visible flames, the cloth with have an orange hued ember.

FREE printable instructions for starting a fire: “Flint and Steel Fire-making 101.”

Gently blow on the charcloth.  Place charcloth inside of the bird’s nest, making sure that some of the nest material is in very close proximity to the ember.

Continue gentle blowing until bird’s nest tinder begins to burn.

Once a flame has been achieved, transfer flame to prepared firepit/fireplace that contains dry wood or other flammables.

Watch the youtube video at the top of the page for specific techniques.

Enjoy that toasty fire!

FREE printable instructions for starting a fire: “Flint and Steel Fire-making 101.”

Need to make some char-cloth?  Click here for The Survival Nut’s Charcloth post.

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